13 Weather Authority Blog
Guest Blog: Jim Allsopp on learning from Indiana Stage Collapse
The following is an e mail written by Jim Allsopp, Warning Coordination Meteorologist with the Chicago National Weather Service office. He sent this to all television Meteorologists in the Chicago and Rockford markets. After looking at the events at the Indiana State Fair, he says (and I agree) the tragedy was avoidable. He presents a great view of what we should do (as meteorologists and the public) to prevent these tragic events from happening again. ES
I sure most of you have heard about the tragic event at the Indiana State Fair the weekend before last, when a concert stage collapsed, crushing dozens of people and killing six. This was not a freak occurrence. In fact, there have been three weather related stage collapses this summer (Cheap Trick in Ottawa, and Chicago band The Smith Wessons in Belgium).
Wind engineers and storm damage experts will be investigating the Indiana event, but preliminary estimates of wind speeds were in the range of 50 to 70 mph. Preliminary reports also questioned the expected timing given in the Severe Thunderstorm Warning. But the fact is that a Severe Thunderstorm Watch was in effect at 600 PM, almost 3 hours before the storm hit, and a Severe Thunderstorm Warning was issued at 839 PM, about 10 minutes before the storm hit. The line of storms was visible on radar well before the storm hit. This tragedy was avoidable!
This time of year there are many outdoor fairs, festivals, concerts and sporting events. There are three main players in protecting people from weather disasters at large outdoor events the NWS, the event organizer and the emergency management community. I recently sent an email out to the emergency management community encouraging them to be proactive in working with event organizers in their counties and communities to make sure there is a severe weather plan in place. We have done severe weather preparedness workshops for large event venues in the past, and we will be developing a large event severe weather preparedness guide to post on our web page soon. I will be giving a presentation at the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Conference in Springfield next month on severe weather planning for large venues and schools. We also encourage large event operators to become StormReady.
The main components to a sound severe weather plan for a large outdoor event are;
Monitor have someone monitor radar, and have a NOAA Weather Radio. Have a secondary method to receive warnings in case NOAA Weather Radio fails. Have trained weather spotters at the event if storms threaten.
Plan have a plan to shut down the event and evacuate people to shelter. All event staff as well as any local police, fire or EMA personnel involved with the event should be aware of the plan. Be especially aware of vulnerable locations such as amusement rides, temporary structures, mobile structures, and under or next to trees. Sending people to their cars in the parking lot may be reasonable in a lightning only threat, but not a good choice for wind, tornado or flash flood threats. (the exception being a concrete parking garage)
Act If a watch is in effect or storms are approaching, review the plan and be prepared to act quickly. If a warning is issued, or if severe weather is reported, don hesitate take action!
Severe thunderstorm warnings are issued for storms that produce winds in excess of 58 mph. Weak structures such as tents, canopies, scaffolding, amusement rides may be vulnerable in winds of 30 to 50 mph. Lightning is also a major storm related killer. There are no warnings issued for lightning or non severe wind gusts. (However, we do issue Special Weather Statements for near severe storms) Therefore, all thunderstorms are potentially dangerous to people outdoors and should be taken seriously.
But there is also a fourth component to large event preparedness and that is with the individual event goers. The public. And this is where you can help get the message out, as you have way more contact with the public than we do at NWS. Everyone has to take some personal responsibility when heading out to a ballgame, a festival, or a concert. People should always check the forecast before they head out. If there is a threat of thunderstorms, people should monitor the weather while they are out. Many people have a mobile device with internet access. Most of you in TV weather have web pages or blogs and some of you frequently post updates on Twitter or Facebook. Radar is available online and there are tons of weather apps and methods of receiving NWS warning alerts to cell phones. People can always count on the event organizer to warn them of impending storms. They have to take personal responsibility to look out for themselves. Also, people should also check out their surroundings when they arrive at an event and ask themselves, could I go to find shelter if the weather gets bad? Am I sitting in a dangerous location near something that could become airborne or near something that could blow down? appreciate everything you do to help educate the public.
Guest Blog: Misti DeWeerd describes NC tornadoes
The following is written by Misti DeWeerd, a Freeport native who lived in Durand and Polo. She graduated from Polo Community High School and moved to North Carolina last summer after marrying her husband who http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ is in the Marine Corps. She describes what it was like going through the Tornado Warnings and what life is like after the worst tornado outbreak in North Carolina history on Saturday. (Images courtesy: NWS, News14Carolina, and WRAL TV.)
was lucky enough to not go through the tornado itself, we cheap jerseys were about 8 miles away from the path it took at its nearest. I had been sitting at my computer watching the National Weather Service updates and had my TV on to the local news because they had known the storms would be bad long before they hit, especially as Raleigh had been hit earlier in the day and we live on the coast. It was nerve wracking watching the storms coming, hearing more and more reports of tornadoes and outside it was sunny. The storms started rolling in right around sunset, at first it was just some strong winds and I could see almost constant lightning off to the north. Our county got a tornado warning once, but it was for a tornado on the other side of the county and moving away from us so I didn worry about it. My neighbor, who grew up in California, called me a few times to ask if it was time to go into the bathroom and in between her calls I was talking to my mother on the phone as well to keep her updated. I believe it was around 8pm that we got the warning that there was a tornado on base that may be heading either to Piney Green or Hubert. I live in Hubert and a good friend of mine lives in Piney Green. That was when we went into the bathroom and sat, myself and my 3 kids with a mattress ready to be thrown over us at the first sign that it had come our way. After almost an hour in the bathroom I finally decided it probably wasn coming our way so I got up and found out it had actually hit Piney Green, so I started texting my friend to find out if her and her children were okay (both of our husbands are deployed so we try to watch after each other.) A few minutes later she called me, obviously very freaked out, and told me the tornado had just gone through her back yard.
Her home was not damaged very much, her family was safe, but her neighbor’s home was pretty much gone. I got on Facebook on some support sites for Marine wives in the area and saw more and more reports of houses on base that had the upstairs completely ripped off, one whose cars were stacked up in their driveway and one who merely lost her firepit, though two doors down there was a huge hole in their roof.
Today I went up to Piney Green to help out my friend with cleaning up her back yard so her kids could get out of the house to play. The place has been deemed a disaster area and blocked off, with police guarding all entrances. We had to go to the headquarters they had set up a bit further down the road and get permission to even enter. I seen damage after all sorts of storms back home in northern Illinois, but this was something completely different. There are houses that look totally fine except the tree sticking out of them. Houses that lost a garage and their roof but otherwise seem untouched. Piles of debris where houses used to be. Cars with thick branches through the windshields. Branches wrapped around themselves around electrical wires. Sheet metal wrapped around the tops of trees. The National Weather Service says the storm was an EF3 and the winds got up to 145mph. Once I was at my friend’s house and got to her back yard that was very apparent. She used to live in front of a wooded area with many trees. Out of probably over a dozen trees she used to have, she has maybe two that will still exist when cleanup is finally done. While cleaning up the little bits in her yard, I found pieces of people’s ceilings, pieces of roofs, pieces of shingles that the wind had sliced 3 inches into her fence that were just hanging there, people’s gutters, siding, so much glass, along with branches from various types of trees. The damage to her home really was minimal compared to others with the corner of her roof lifted up. If the tornado had come any closer she would have lost her roof. Her entire shed (a large wooden one not one of those small metal ones) was lifted and set down two feet from where it used to sit, landing on a small basketball hoop and leaving her brand new riding lawnmower which was sitting next to it completely untouched.
There were people hurt in our area, including an 18 month old who was in critical condition. We were so blessed that there were no fatalities here, especially with the destruction that happened. Many other tornadoes from the same storm system did cause fatalities, 22 total in North Carolina alone.
The base (that houses many people’s homes which are now completely uninhabitable) had a meeting last night where they announced that they will house the displaced families elsewhere until new units are available for them to live in. I really not sure what people out in town are going to do. Hopefully they all have insurance to cover everything. Of course, some things even insurance cannot cover. I read a story of a lady who lost the home she had lived in since the 1970s!
Being so close to a Marine Corps base there is always a pretty strong feeling of community when disaster strikes. Many families who were not impacted are donating to those who were its clothes, food, shelter or help cleaning up. I have heard and seen pictures of Marines being let off of work on base to assist families in retrieving items from their homes.
I honestly have no clue when things will get back to At least two schools in this area alone will be cancelled for the rest of the year. There is a barber shop on the main road off base housing that sustained damage, their front door has a plank over it spray painted with open, use back entrance big thing I noticed was the power was back on to all customers only a day after it happened. That was pretty amazing to me!
If I could give advice to people back home from what I have learned from this, it keep an eye on the weather. If you have a Tornado Watch make sure you are near something that can alert you the moment it turns to a warning. We have so much better advanced notice of the potential of tornadoes, but we also have so many more distractions in our life that keep us away from the announcement that it is heading right for us. I know a couple of girls who were driving through town with theiriPodplaying in their cars that didn even know they just barely missed the tornado until they got home, others who were playing theirXboxwho didn realize anything was going on until the tornado was already roaring through their back yards. If you are not aware it is coming, it may be too late by the time it gets there to get to safety. Misti DeWeerd.